76 per cent of European states will have national drone registration systems in place but only 41 per cent will have finalised their network remote identification services by 2025, according to the 2022 edition of the U-Space Services Implementation Monitoring report published by Eurocontrol.
EASA states are deploying U-space in four phases
- Phase 1: Initial and basic services of the U-space, reflecting both the registration and the electronic identification as well as the geofencing system
- Phase 2: Initial U-space services for flight management. This consist of the creation of a system for flight planning, permit approval, monitoring and conventional interaction with Air Traffic Controllers.
- Phase U3: Support services for more complex situations within the U-space system, such as automation for the resolution of conflicts between aircraft that interfere with each other, as well as obstacle detection and avoidance functionalities.
- Phase U4: Implementation of all U-space services, including high levels of process automation and interconnection between aircraft, pilots, authorities and other responsible and interested parties
As the report shows, there is considerable disparity between States in their speed of deployment – with just 28 per cent of those in the survey having key elements of U3 services such as collaborative Interface with ATC and dynamic capacity management in place by 2025, a date by which many drone operators hope to plan for automated beyond visual line of sight (BVLOS) operations.