The U.S Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) announced on Wednesday that final rules and regulations first disclosed last December have now taken effect, allowing small drones to fly over people and at night. Before the new regulations small drone operations over people were limited to those who were directly participating in the flight, whether located under a covered structure or inside a stationary vehicle – unless operators had obtained a waiver from the FAA.
For at-night operations, the FAA said drones must be equipped with anti-collision lights, where these latest rules allow operations over moving vehicles in some situations.
The new rules eliminate requirements that drones be connected to the internet to transmit location data, but do require they broadcast remote ID messages via radio frequency communications.
One important change, since the rules were first proposed in 2019, is the removal of any exposed rotating parts that may damage human skin.
(Sources: https://dronelife.com/2021/04/22/whats-next-for-u-s-drone-regulations-lisa-ellman-arjun-garg-comment/, https://www.urbanairmobilitynews.com/emerging-regulations/significant-step-forward-new-regulations-allowing-drones-to-fly-over-people-and-at-night-in-u-s-take-effect/)